All natural ingredients but repulsive to vermin and other undesirables. Repels three ways, by sense of touch, taste and smell. Prevents nibbling, chewing, gnawing and browsing damage to plants and property, for up to 2 months per application. Rain fast after 6 hrs. May be used around edibles. Won't harm plants or animals. Effectively repels deer, rabbits, squirrels, chipmunks, dogs, cats, rats, mice, raccoons, porcupines, armadillos, birds, mice, beaver, skunks and other undesirable critters away from treated areas. Biodegradable. Contains garlic, dried blood, whole egg solids, clove, fish oil, onion and wintergreen.